NMR properties:

Magnetogyric Ratio NMR frequency Natural abundance (NA) Nuclear spin (I) Quadrupole moment (Q) Reference sample
10 B 2.8746810^7 rad/sT 10.7437MHz 19.9% 3.0 8.459fm²
10 B

(Ar. Buraq, Pers. Burah) Boron compounds have been known for thousands of years, but the element was
not discovered until 1808 by Sir Humphry Davy and by Gay-Lussac and Thenard.
The element is not found free in nature, but occurs as orthoboric acid usually found in certain volcanic
spring waters and as borates in boron and colemantie. Ulexite, another boron mineral, is interesting as it
is nature's own version of "fiber optics."
Important sources of boron are ore rasorite (kernite) and tincal (borax ore). Both of these ores are found
in the Mojave Desert. Tincal is the most important source of boron from the Mojave. Extensive borax
deposits are also found in Turkey.
Boron exists naturally as 19.78% 10B isotope and 80.22% 11B isotope. High-purity crystalline boron
may be prepared by the vapor phase reduction of boron trichloride or tribromide with hydrogen on
electrically heated filaments. The impure or amorphous, boron, a brownish-black powder, can be
obtained by heating the trioxide with magnesium powder.
Boron of 99.9999% purity has been produced and is available commercially. Elemental boron has an
energy band gap of 1.50 to 1.56 eV, which is higher than that of either silicon or germanium.

Optical characteristics include transmitting portions of the infrared. Boron is a poor conductor of
electricity at room temperature but a good conductor at high temperature.
Amorphous boron is used in pyrotechnic flares to provide a distinctive green color, and in rockets as an
By far the most commercially important boron compound in terms of dollar sales is Na2B4O7.5H2O. This
pentahydrate is used in very large quantities in the manufacture of insulation fiberglass and sodium
perborate bleach.
Boric acid is also an important boron compound with major markets in textile products. Use of borax as a
mild antiseptic is minor in terms of dollars and tons. Boron compounds are also extensively used in the
manufacture of borosilicate glasses. Other boron compounds show promise in treating arthritis.
The isotope boron-10 is used as a control for nuclear reactors, as a shield for nuclear radiation, and in
instruments used for detecting neutrons. Boron nitride has remarkable properties and can be used to make
a material as hard as diamond. The nitride also behaves like an electrical insulator but conducts heat like
a metal.
It also has lubricating properties similar to graphite. The hydrides are easily oxidized with considerable
energy liberation, and have been studied for use as rocket fuels. Demand is increasing for boron
filaments, a high-strength, lightweight material chiefly employed for advanced aerospace structures.
Boron is similar to carbon in that it has a capacity to form stable covalently bonded molecular networks.
Carbonates, metalloboranes, phosphacarboranes, and other families comprise thousands of compounds.