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Магнитный резонанс и его приложения | Информационно-образовательный портал
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NMR properties:

Magnetogyric Ratio NMR frequency Natural abundance (NA) Nuclear spin (I) Quadrupole moment (Q) Reference sample
80 Br
80 Br
35

(Gr. bromos, stench) Discovered by Balard in 1826, but not prepared in quantity until 1860.
Sources
A member of the halogen group of elements, it is obtained from natural brines from wells in Michigan
and Arkansas. Little bromine is extracted today from seawater, which contains only about 85 ppm.
Properties
Bromine is the only liquid nonmetallic element. It is a heavy, mobile, reddish-brown liquid, volatilizing
readily at room temperature to a red vapor with a strong disagreeable odor, resembling chlorine, and
having a very irritating effect on the eyes and throat; it is readily soluble in water or carbon disulfide,
forming a red solution, is less active than chlorine but more so than iodine; it unites readily with many
elements and has a bleaching action; when spilled on the skin it produces painful sores. It presents a
serious health hazard, and maximum safety precautions should be taken when handling it.
Production
Much of the bromine output in the U.S. was used in the production of ethylene dibromide, a lead
scavenger used in making gasoline antiknock compounds. Lead in gasoline, however, has been
drastically reduced, due to environmental considerations. This will greatly affect future production of
bromine.