NMR properties:

Magnetogyric Ratio NMR frequency Natural abundance (NA) Nuclear spin (I) Quadrupole moment (Q) Reference sample
59 Ni
59 Ni

(German Nickel, Satan or Old Nick's and from kupfernickel, Old Nick's copper) Cronstedt discovered
nickel in 1751 in kupfernickel (niccolite).
Nickel is found as a constitutent in most meteorites and often serves as one of the criteria for
distinguishing a meteorite from other minerals. Iron meteorites, or siderites, may contain iron alloyed
with from 5 percent to nearly 20 percent nickel. Nickel is obtained commercially from pentlandite and
pyrrhotite of the Sudbury region of Ontario, a district that produces about 30 percent of the world's
supply of nicke.
Other deposits are found in New Caledonia, Australia, Cuba, Indonesia, and elsewhere.
Nickel is silvery white and takes on a high polish. It is hard, malleable, ductile, somewhat ferromagnetic,
and a fair conductor of heat and electricity. It belongs to the iron-cobalt group of metals and is chiefly
valuable for the alloys it forms.


It is extensively used for making stainless steel and other corrosion-resistant alloys such as Invar(R),
Monel(R), Inconel(R), and the Hastelloys(R). Tubing made of copper-nickel alloy is extensively used in
making desalination plants for converting sea water into fresh water.
Nickel, used extensively to make coins and nickel steel for armor plates and burglar-proof vaults, and is
also a component in Nichrome(R), Permalloy(R), and constantan.
Nickel gives glass a greenish color. Nickel plating is often used to provide a protective coating for other
metals, and finely divided nickel is a catalyst for hydrogenating vegetable oils. It is also used in ceramics,
in the manufacture of Alnico magnets, and in the Edison(R) storage battery.