NMR properties:

Magnetogyric Ratio NMR frequency Natural abundance (NA) Nuclear spin (I) Quadrupole moment (Q) Reference sample
106 Pd
106 Pd
46

History

Palladium was named after the asteroid Pallas, which was discovered at about the same time. Pallas was
the Greek goddess of wisdom.

Sources

Discovered in 1803 by Wollaston, Palladium is found with platinum and other metals of the platinum
group in placer deposits of Russia, South America, North America, Ethiopia, and Australia. It is also
found associated with the nickel-copper deposits of South Africa and Ontario. Palladium's separation
from the platinum metals depends upon the type of ore in which it is found.

Properties

The element is a steel-white metal, it does not tarnish in air, and it is the least dense and lowest melting
of the platinum group of metals. When annealed, it is soft and ductile; cold-working greatly increases its
strength and hardness. Palladium is attacked by nitric and sulfuric acid.
At room temperatures, the metal has the unusual property of absorbing up to 900 times its own volume of
hydrogen, possibly forming Pd2H. It is not yet clear if this is a true compound. Hydrogen readily diffuses
through heated palladium, providing a means of purifying the gas.

Uses

Finely divided palladium is a good catalyst and is used for hydrogenation and dehydrogenation reactions.
It is alloyed and used in jewelry trades.
White gold is an alloy of gold decolorized by the addition of palladium. Like gold, palladium can be
beaten into leaf as thin as 1/250,000 in. The metal is used in dentistry, watchmaking, and in making
surgical instruments and electrical contacts.

Cost

The metal sells for about $150/troy oz.