NMR properties:

Magnetogyric Ratio NMR frequency Natural abundance (NA) Nuclear spin (I) Quadrupole moment (Q) Reference sample
88 Sr
88 Sr
38

(Strontian, town in Scotland) Isolated by Davey by electrolysis in 1808; however, Adair Crawford in
1790 recognized a new mineral (strontianite) as differing from other barium minerals.
Forms
Strontium is found chiefly as celestite and strontianite. The metal can be prepared by electrolysis of the
fused chloride mixed with potassium chloride, or is made by reducing strontium oxide with aluminum in
a vacuum at a temperature at which strontium distills off. Three allotropic forms of the metal exist, with
transition points at 235 and 540oC.
Properties
Strontium is softer than calcium and decomposes in water more vigorously. It does not absorb nitrogen
below 380oC. It should be kept under kerosene to prevent oxidation. Freshly cut strontium has a silvery
appearance, but rapidly turns a yellowish color with the formation of the oxide. The finely divided metal
ignites spontaneously in air. Volatile strontium salts impart a beautiful crimson color to flames, and these
salts are used in pyrotechnics and in the production of flares. Natural strontium is a mixture of four stable
isotopes.
Isotopes
Sixteen other unstable isotopes are known to exist. Of greatest importance is 90Sr with a half-life of 29
years. It is a product of nuclear fallout and presents a health problem. This isotope is one of the best longlived
high-energy beta emitters known, and is used in SNAP (Systems for Nuclear Auxilliary Power)
devices. These devices hold promise for use in space vehicles, remote weather stations, navigational
buoys, etc., where a lightweight, long-lived, nuclear-electric power source is needed.
Uses
The major use for strontium at present is in producing glass for color television picture tubes. It has also
found use in producing ferrite magnets and in refining zinc. Strontium titanate is an interesting optical
material as it has an extremely high refractive index and an optical dispersion greater than that of
diamond. It has been used as a gemstone, but is very soft. It does not occur naturally.