NMR properties:

Magnetogyric Ratio NMR frequency Natural abundance (NA) Nuclear spin (I) Quadrupole moment (Q) Reference sample
98 Tc
98 Tc
48

(Gr. technetos, artificial) Element 43 was predicted on the basis of the periodic table, and was
erroneously reported as having been discovered in 1925, at which time it was named masurium. The
element was actually discovered by Perrier and Segre in Italy in 1937. It was found in a sample of
molybdenum, which was bombarded by deuterons in the Berkeley cyclotron, and which E. Lawrence
sent to these investigators. Technetium was the first element to be produced artificially. Since its
discovery, searches for the element in terrestrial material have been made. Finally in 1962, technetium-
99 was isolated and identified in African pitchblende (a uranium rich ore) in extremely minute quantities
as a spontaneous fission product of uranium-238 by B.T. Kenna and P.K. Kuroda. If it does exist, the
concentration must be very small. Technetium has been found in the spectrum of S-, M-, and N-type
stars, and its presence in stellar matter is leading to new theories of the production of heavy elements in
the stars.
Isotopes
Twenty-two isotopes of technetium with masses ranging from 90 to 111 are reported. All the isotopes of
technetium are radioactive. It is one of two elements with Z < 83 that have no stable isotopes; the other
element is promethium (Z = 61). Technetium has three long lived radioactive isotopes: 97Tc (T1/2 =2.6 x
106 years), 98Tc (T1/2 = 4.2 x 106 years) and 99Tc (T1/2 = 2.1 x 105 years). 95Tcm ("m" stands for meta
state) (T1/2 = 61 days) is used in tracer work. However, the most useful isotope of technetium is 99Tcm
(T1/2 = 6.01 hours) is used in many medical radioactive isotope tests because of its half-life being short,
the energy of the gamma ray it emits, and the ability of technetium to be chemically bound to many
biologically active molecules. Because 99Tc is produced as a fission product from the fission of uranium
in nuclear reactors, large quantities have been produced over the years. There are kilogram quantities of
technetium.
Properties
Technetium is a silvery-gray metal that tarnishes slowly in moist air. The common oxidation states of
technetium are +7, +5, and +4. Under oxidizing conditions technetium (VII) will exist as the
pertechnetate ion, TcO4-. The chemistry of technetium is said to be similar to that of rhenium.
Technetium dissolves in nitric acid, aqua regia, and conc. sulfuric acid, but is not soluble in hydrochloric
acid of any strength. The element is a remarkable corrosion inhibitor for steel. The metal is an excellent
superconductor at 11K and below.