NMR properties:

Magnetogyric Ratio NMR frequency Natural abundance (NA) Nuclear spin (I) Quadrupole moment (Q) Reference sample
47 Ti -1.5105410^7 rad/sT 5.63753MHz 7.44% 5.5 30.2fm²


48 Ti
48 Ti

(L. titans, the first sons of the Earth, mythology)
Discovered by Gregor in 1791; named by Klaproth in 1795. Impure titanium was prepared by Nilson and
Pettersson in 1887; however, the pure metal (99.9%) was not made until 1910 by Hunter by heating
TiCl4 with sodium in a steel bomb.
Titanium is present in meteorites and in the sun. Rocks obtained during the Apollo 17 lunar mission
showed presence of 12.1% TiO2 and rocks obtained during earlier Apollo missions show lower
Titanium oxide bands are prominent in the spectra of M-type stars. The element is the ninth most
abundant in the crust of the earth. Titanium is almost always present in igneous rocks and in the
sediments derived from them.
It occurs in the minerals rutile, ilmenite, and sphene, and is present in titanates and in many iron ores.
Titanium is present in the ash of coal, in plants, and in the human body.
The metal was a laboratory curiosity until Kroll, in 1946, showed that titanium could be produced
commercially by reducing titanium tetrachloride with magnesium. This method is largely used for
producing the metal today. The metal can be purified by decomposing the iodide.

Titanium, when pure, is a lustrous, white metal. It has a low density, good strength, is easily fabricated,
and has excellent corrosion resistance. It is ductile only when it is free of oxygen. The metal, which
burns in air, is the only element that burns in nitrogen.
Titanium is resistant to dilute sulfuric and hydrochloric acid, most organic acids, most chlorine gas, and
chloride solutions.
Natural titanium is reported to become very radioactive after bombardment with deuterons. The emitted
radiations are mostly positrons and hard gamma rays. The metal is dimorphic. The hexagonal alpha form
changes to the cubic beta form very slowly at about 880oC. The metal combines with oxygen at red heat,
and with chlorine at 550oC.
Titanium metal is considered to be physiologically inert. When pure, titanium dioxide is relatively clear
and has an extremely high index of refraction with an optical dispersion higher than diamond.