NMR properties:

Magnetogyric Ratio NMR frequency Natural abundance (NA) Nuclear spin (I) Quadrupole moment (Q) Reference sample
65 Zn
65 Zn

(German Zink, of obscure origin) Centuries before zinc was recognized as a distinct element, zinc ores
were used for making brass. Tubal-Cain, seven generations from Adam, is mentioned as being an
"instructor in every artificer in brass and iron." An alloy containing 87 percent zinc has been found in
prehistoric ruins in Transylvania.
Metallic zinc was produced in the 13th century A.D. in India by reducing calamine with organic
substances such as wool. The metal was rediscovered in Europe by Marggraf in 1746, who showed that it
could be obtained by reducing calamine with charcoal.
The principal ores of zinc are sphalerite (sulfide), smithsonite (carbonate), calamine (silicate), and
franklinite (zine, manganese, iron oxide). One method of zinc extraction involves roasting its ores to
form the oxide and reducing the oxide with coal or carbon, with subsequent distillation of the metal.
Naturally occurring zinc contains five stable isotopes. Sixteen other unstable isotopes are recognized.


Zinc is a bluish-white, lustrous metal. It is brittle at ordinary temperatures but malleable at 100 to 150oC.
It is a fair conductor of electricity, and burns in air at high red heat with evolution of white clouds of the
It exhibits superplasticity. Neither zinc nor zirconium is ferromagnetic; but ZrZn2 exhibits
ferromagnetism at temperatures below 35oK. It has unusual electrical, thermal, optical, and solid-state
properties that have not been fully investigated.