NMR properties:

Magnetogyric Ratio NMR frequency Natural abundance (NA) Nuclear spin (I) Quadrupole moment (Q) Reference sample
91 Zr -2.4974310^7 rad/sT 9.2963MHz 11.22% 5.5 -17.6fm²


91 Zr

(Persian zargun, gold like) The name zircon probably originated from the Persion word zargun, which
describes the color of the gemstone now known as zircon, jargon, hyacinth, jacinth, or ligure. This
mineral, or its variations, is mentioned in biblical writings. The mineral was not known to contain a new
element until Klaproth, in 1789, analyzed a jargon from from Ceylon and found a new earth, which
Werner named zircon (silex circonius), and Klaproth called Zirkonertz (zirconia). The impure metal was
first isolated by Berzelius in 1824 by heating a mixture of potassium and potassium zirconium fluoride in
a small decomposition process they developed.
Zirconium is found in abundance in S-type stars, and has been identified in the sun and meteorites.
Analysis of lunar rock samples obtained during the various Apollo missions to the moon show a
surprisingly high zirconium oxide content, compared with terrestrial rocks.
Naturally occurring zirconium contains five isotopes. Fifteen other isotopes are known to exist. Zircon,
ZrSiO4, the principal ore, is pure ZrO2 in crystalline form having a hafnium content of about 1%.
Zirconium also occurs in some 30 other recognized mineral species. Zirconium is produced
commercially by reduction of chloride with magnesium (the Kroll Process), and by other methods. It is a
grayish-white lustrous metal. When finely divided, the metal may ignite spontaneously in air, especially
at elevated temperatures. The solid metal is much more difficult to ignite. The inherent toxicity of
zirconium compounds is low. Hafnium is invariably found in zirconium ores, and the separation is
Commercial-grade zirconium contains from 1 to 3% hafnium. Zirconium has a low absorption cross
section for neutrons, and is therefore used for nuclear energy applications, such as for cladding fuel
elements. Commercial nuclear power generation now takes more than 90% of zirconium metal
production. Reactors of the commercial size, now being made, may use as much as a half-million linear
feet of zirconium alloy tubing.